queen elizabeth ii

queen elizabeth ii



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Elizabeth II

Elizabeth II

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For other uses, see Elizabeth II (disambiguation).

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Elizabeth II

Elizabeth II in 2015

Queen of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms

Reign 6 February 1952 –

8 September 2022

Coronation 2 June 1953

Predecessor George VI

Successor Charles III

Born Princess Elizabeth of York

21 April 1926

Mayfair, London, United Kingdom

Died 8 September 2022 (aged 96)

Balmoral Castle, Aberdeenshire, United Kingdom

Spouse Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh

​(m. 1947; died 2021)​

Issue Charles III[1]

Anne, Princess Royal

Prince Andrew, Duke of York

Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex

Names

Elizabeth Alexandra Mary

House Windsor Father George VI

Mother Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon

Signature

Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; 21 April 1926 – 8 September 2022) was Queen of the United Kingdom from 6 February 1952 until her death.[a] Her reign of 70 years and 214 days was the longest of any British monarch and the second-longest recorded of any monarch of a sovereign country. At the time of her death, Elizabeth was queen of fourteen other Commonwealth realms in addition to the UK.[b]

Elizabeth was born in Mayfair, London, as the first child of the Duke and Duchess of York (later King George VI and Queen Elizabeth). Her father acceded to the throne in 1936 upon the abdication of his brother, King Edward VIII, making Elizabeth the heir presumptive. She was educated privately at home and began to undertake public duties during the Second World War, serving in the Auxiliary Territorial Service. In November 1947, she married Philip Mountbatten, a former prince of Greece and Denmark, and their marriage lasted 73 years until his death in April 2021. They had four children together: Charles III; Anne, Princess Royal; Prince Andrew, Duke of York; and Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex.

When her father died in February 1952, Elizabeth—then 25 years old—became queen regnant of seven independent Commonwealth countries: the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Pakistan, and Ceylon (known today as Sri Lanka), as well as Head of the Commonwealth. Elizabeth reigned as a constitutional monarch through major political changes such as the Troubles in Northern Ireland, devolution in the United Kingdom, the decolonisation of Africa, and the United Kingdom's accession to the European Communities and withdrawal from the European Union. The number of her realms varied over time as territories have gained independence and some realms have become republics. Her many historic visits and meetings include state visits to China in 1986, Russia in 1994, the Republic of Ireland in 2011, and visits to or from five popes.

Significant events include Elizabeth's coronation in 1953 and the celebrations of her Silver, Golden, Diamond, and Platinum Jubilees in 1977, 2002, 2012, and 2022, respectively. Elizabeth was the longest-lived and longest-reigning British monarch, and the second-longest verifiable reigning sovereign monarch in world history, only behind Louis XIV of France. She faced occasional republican sentiment and media criticism of her family, particularly after the breakdowns of her children's marriages, her in 1992, and the death of her former daughter-in-law Diana, Princess of Wales, in 1997. However, support for the monarchy in the United Kingdom remained consistently high, as did her personal popularity. Elizabeth died on 8 September 2022 at Balmoral Castle, Aberdeenshire. She was succeeded by her elder son, Charles III.[1]

Contents

1 Early life 2 Heir presumptive

2.1 Second World War

2.2 Marriage 3 Reign

3.1 Accession and coronation

3.2 Continuing evolution of the Commonwealth

3.3 Acceleration of decolonisation

3.4 Silver Jubilee

3.5 Press scrutiny and Thatcher premiership

3.6 Turbulent 1990s and

3.7 Golden Jubilee

3.8 Diamond Jubilee and longevity

3.9 COVID-19 pandemic

3.10 Platinum Jubilee

4 Death

5 Public perception and character

5.1 Beliefs, activities and interests

5.2 Media depiction and public opinion

6 Finances

7 Titles, styles, honours, and arms

7.1 Titles and styles

7.2 Arms 8 Issue 9 Ancestry 10 See also 11 Notes 12 References 12.1 Citations 12.2 Bibliography 13 External links

Early life

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