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Viennese Markets

Have you been to a market in Vienna? The city offers a variety of markets, from food markets to flea marktes and antique markets to temporary markets. more

Information for people from Ukraine

The City of Vienna has opened two reception and information centres and has set up a website with some important information for refugees from Ukraine. more

Coronavirus: What you need to know

Everything you need to know about coronavirus. We provide answers to FAQs about risk of infection, basic protective measures and hospitals in Vienna. more

Recognition of foreign university degrees

A university degree can be an important qualification if you want to work in Austria. There are, however, some issues you need to consider if you want a recognition (nostrification) of the university degree you acquired abroad. more

Hiking in and around Vienna

Hiking has a long tradition in Vienna. Popular destinations include the Heurigen (wine taverns), the Vienna Woods and the many vineyards. Try one of the eleven city hiking paths laid out by the Forestry Office. more


Artificial Intelligence

until October | Technisches Museum

Dive into the black box of artificial intelligence and find fascinating algorithms, ingenious innovations and the timeless desires of curious people. more

Vienna Design Week 16.9. until 25.9.

Open Heidi Horten Collection

until 2.10.

(Un)Pleasant Journey. The Life of Stefan Edlis after HIM

until 2.10.

Klimt - The Immersive Experience

until 2.10. Cranach the Untamed until 16.10. Francesco Clemente until 30.10.

True to Life. Realist Painting from 1850 to 1950

until 1.11.

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This article contains too many pictures, charts or diagrams for its overall length. Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page. Please help to improve this article by removing or adjusting images in accordance with the Manual of Style on use of images.

This article is about the capital of Austria. For other uses, see Vienna (disambiguation).

"Wien" redirects here. For other uses, see Wien (disambiguation).

Not to be confused with Vienne or Vienne, Isère.

Vienna (German)

Capital city, state and municipality

From top, left to right: Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna City Hall, St. Stephen's Cathedral, Austrian Parliament Building, and Vienna State Opera

Flag Seal Coat of arms


Location within Austria

Coordinates: 48°12′N 16°22′E / 48.200°N 16.367°E

Coordinates: 48°12′N 16°22′E / 48.200°N 16.367°E

Country Austria State Vienna Government

• Body State and Municipality Diet

• Mayor and Governor Michael Ludwig (SPÖ)

Area [1]

• Capital city, state and municipality 414.78 km2 (160.15 sq mi)

• Land 395.25 km2 (152.61 sq mi)

• Water 19.39 km2 (7.49 sq mi)


151 (Lobau) – 542 (Hermannskogel) m (495–1,778 ft)


• Rank 1st in Austria (6th in EU)

• Density 4,326.1/km2 (11,205/sq mi)

• Urban 1,951,354 • Metro 2,890,577 • Ethnicity[2] 46% Austrian 54% Other Demonym(s) German: English: Viennese

Time zone UTC+1 (CET)

• Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)

Postal code

1xx0 (xx = district number)

1300 (airport)

1400 (United Nations)

other 1yyy (postal boxes)[3]

ISO 3166 code AT-9

Vehicle registration W

HDI (2019) 0.947[4]

very high · 1st of 9

GDP € 96.5 billion (2020)[5]

GDP per capita € 50,400 (2020)[5]

Seats in the Federal Council

11 / 61 GeoTLD .wien


UNESCO World Heritage Site

Official name Historic Centre of Vienna

Type Cultural Criteria ii, iv, vi

Designated 2001 (25th session)

Reference no. 1033

UNESCO Region Europe and North America

Endangered 2017–present[6]

Vienna (/viˈɛnə/ (listen) ;[7][8] German: [viːn] (listen); Austro-Bavarian: [veɐ̯n]) is the capital, largest city, and one of nine states of Austria. Vienna is Austria's most populous city, with about two million inhabitants[9] (2.9 million within the metropolitan area,[10] nearly one third of the country's population), and its cultural, economic, and political center. It is the 6th-largest city proper by population in the European Union and the largest of all cities on Danube river.

Until the beginning of the 20th century, Vienna was the largest German-speaking city in the world, and before the splitting of the Austro-Hungarian Empire in World War I, the city had two million inhabitants.[11] Today, it is the second-largest German-speaking city after Berlin.[12][13] Vienna is host to many major international organizations, including the United Nations, OPEC and the OSCE. The city is located in the eastern part of Austria and is close to the borders of the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Hungary. These regions work together in a European Centrope border region. Along with nearby Bratislava, Vienna forms a metropolitan region with 3 million inhabitants. In 2001, the city center was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site. In July 2017 it was moved to the list of World Heritage in Danger.[14] Additionally, Vienna is known as the "City of Music"[15] due to its musical legacy, as many famous classical musicians such as Beethoven and Mozart called Vienna home. Vienna is also said to be the "City of Dreams" because it was home to the world's first psychoanalyst, Sigmund Freud.[16] Vienna's ancestral roots lie in early Celtic and Roman settlements that transformed into a Medieval and Baroque city. It is well known for having played a pivotal role as a leading European music center, from the age of Viennese Classicism through the early part of the 20th century. The historic center of Vienna is rich in architectural ensembles, including Baroque palaces and gardens, and the late-19th-century Ringstraße lined with grand buildings, monuments and parks.[17]

Vienna is known for its high quality of life. In a 2005 study of 127 world cities, the Economist Intelligence Unit ranked the city first (in a tie with Vancouver and San Francisco) for the world's most livable cities. Between 2011 and 2015, Vienna was ranked second, behind Melbourne.[18] Monocle's 2015 "Quality of Life Survey" ranked Vienna second on a list of the top 25 cities in the world "to make a base within".[19] Monocle's 2012 "Quality of Life Survey" ranked Vienna fourth on a list of the top 25 cities in the world "to make a base within" (up from sixth in 2011 and eighth in 2010).[20] The UN-Habitat classified Vienna as the most prosperous city in the world in 2012–2013.[21] The city was ranked 1st globally for its culture of innovation in 2007 and 2008, and sixth globally (out of 256 cities) in the 2014 Innovation Cities Index, which analyzed 162 indicators in covering three areas: culture, infrastructure, and markets.[22][23][24] Vienna regularly hosts urban planning conferences and is often used as a case study by urban planners.[25] Between 2005 and 2010, Vienna was the world's number-one destination for international congresses and conventions.[26] It attracts over 6.8 million tourists a year.[27]

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